Teaching and Assessing Reflective Ability in Medical Education

January 08
UCSF Nursing Building, Room N-517
521 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco CA


Special Topics Education Skills Series
Teaching and Assessing Reflective Ability in Medical Education

Led by:

Louise Aronson, MD, MFA
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics

Marieke Kruidering, PhD
Assistant Professor, Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology

Critical reflection is the skill used to transform experience into learning. Reflection correlates highly with lifelong learning, decreases diagnostic errors and improves clinical performance. Reflective professionals have open minds; think about their own thinking; learn more deeply; connect with their feelings; consider perspectives other than their own; strive to learn from rather than deny or ignore errors, problems and learning gaps; and reframe their thinking to formulate reasoned approaches to clinically uncertain and complex situations.

During this workshop, participants will:

  • Discuss reflection in medical education.
  • Rate critical reflections by UCSF trainees from more to less effective.
  • Practice giving feedback on UCSF trainees’ reflections.
  • Identify milestones or competencies for which critical reflection would improve the ability to assess learners’ progress.

By the end of the session, participants will be able to:

  • Describe critical reflection as used by educators.
  • Discuss the key components of critical reflection.
  • Provide meaningful feedback on critical reflection.
  • List one way in which adding critical reflection would improve learning or assessment in their UCSF course or clerkship.

Recommended Readings

Sandars J, The use of reflection in medical education: AMEE Guide No. 44. Medical Teacher, 31:8,685 - 695.

Aronson L. 12 Tips for Teaching Reflection at All Levels of Medical Education. Medical Teacher. 2010 Sep 27

Mann K, Reflection and reflective practice in health professions education: a systematic review. - Advances in health sciences education, 2007, Nov 23.

The University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine (UCSF) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
The UCSF School of Medicine designates this live activity for a maximum of two AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)TM.  Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

For the purpose of recertification, the American Nurses Credentialing Center accepts AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM issued by organizations accredited by the ACCME.
The California Board of Pharmacy accepts as continuing professional education those courses that meet the standard of relevance to pharmacy practice and have been approved for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.

Course No. MGR14075